Al Qaeda’s Osama Bin Laden caused the disaster of 9/11 that rattled the USA, which forced America to start its war against terrorism in 2001. The American government has now withdrawn from the land, leaving it to fate.
The militant group is expanding its control on more territories in Afghanistan. Their control has now expanded to different regions. The last twenty years have witnessed highs and lows of the power tussle, due to which the political map of Afghanistan was constantly changing. Taliban was quick to reclaim the areas that were left unguarded by the US Troops.
Recently, the Talibani forces orchestrated suicide bombings in Kabul and attacked the house of a parliamentarian and Afghan Foreign Minister. The act was to show its presence and power. Afghan’s Foreign Minister had requested people to come out in unison against the Taliban by incanting Kalama.
Another report from BBC Afghan reflected that the terrorist group has been spreading like a forest fire across the war-trodden state. They have central provinces like Ghazni and Maidan Wardak under their control. Slowly, they are moving to outsource government in the cities such as Kunduz, Herat, Kandahar, Lashkar Gah.
US soldiers, Nato troops with other regional allies took power from the Taliban in 2001. The group was reported to giving asylum to Bin Laden, who was on top of America’s most wanted men list.
Taliban was able to re-emerge as more powerful than it was in 2001 despite the incessant intervention of international forces in the region. They were spending millions of dollars annually to ensure the destruction of the Taliban. Despite this, the Taliban was able to regroup and claim distant territories fast.
Northern Helmand, Kandahar, Uruzgan, and Zabul were the prominent and traditional strongholds of the militant group in the south and southwest regions of Afghanistan. In the northeast, the mountainous region of Badakhshan and the north-western region of hills of southern Faryab were also identified with Talibnese control.
It is both astonishing and riveting at the same time that how the Taliban was able to maintain absolute authority over some regions while creating unrest in some areas by launching attacks weekly or monthly. So, its turf had expanded instead of shrinking, as suggested by a 2017 BBC report.
Taliban collects the customs duty on exported products via crossings now. However, the volume of trade has fallen significantly because of conflict and ensuing instability. The border with Iran known as Islam Qala used to generate $2 million monthly before the Us drew its troops.
As a result of the disturbance of trade relations, prices of essential goods and commodities such as fuel and food are rising at an alarming rate. Other than economic loss, there has been a heavy loss of life too. The UN alleges the death of 1600 civilians died due to an attack by the Taliban. Around 300,000 people have been forced to leave their dwellings and relocate due to the penetration of Taliban in rural regions of Badakhshan, Kunduz, Balkh, Baghlan and Takhar, as reported by UN’s Human Rights Commission.